The Scarborough Bluffs
The Scarborough Bluffs are perhaps one of the most beautiful natural phenomenons in the Toronto region. That, along with the Don River, Rouge Park, and our ravine system. Stretching for about 14km along the waterfront, the Bluffs start from the Eastern Beaches to West Hill in the east. They rise as high as 65m above the water.
The Bluffs are an incrediby unique geological phenomenon. At the risk of poorly explaining its scientific background, I will simply quote from its Toronto plaque: “The layers of sand and clay exposed in these cliffs display a remarkable geological record of the last stages of the Great Ice Age. The first 150 feet contain fossil plants and animals that were deposited in a large river delta during the first advance of the Wisconsinan glacier some 70,000 years ago. They are covered by 200 feet of boulder clay and sand in alternating layers left by four subsequent advances and retreats of ice. The final withdrawal occurred some 12,000 years ago”.